The PREMANUS middleware would be realized through three main technological pillars

  • Remanufacturing Information Services (RIS)
  • Remanufacturing Services Gateway (RSG)
  • Business Decision Support System (BDSS)



A service oriented architecture is being developed that combines product information and product services for EoL recovery business processes. In addition to closing the information gap, the PREMANUS middleware computes EoL-specific KPIs based on product usage data and make recommendations to its users regarding the viability (in terms of profitability, scope, time, ecologic impact) of remanufacturing an individual product.